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THE HISTORY
LEGISLATION

Recent Legislation on Wine-Making

The year 1974 saw the start of an important campaign to give renewed prestige to the wines of San Marino, when a government-backed project isolated the best strains of the traditional local vines and made them available for planting in new vineyards.
The wine-makers of the republic, fully aware of the significance of this farsighted project, decided to create a special association, and the Consorzio Vini Tipici (Consortium of Traditional Wines) was founded in 1976.
A series of laws and decrees introduced later provided a firm basis for the official recognition of the republic's flourishing wine-making industry.
Law 127 of 31/10/86 on the growth of vines and the conversion of grapes into wine was the fruit of 12 years of research and experiments, and it constitutes the fundamental legislative instrument for the promotion of the wines of San Marino.
The law introduced an official 'Identificazione d'Origine' trademark guaranteeing the authenticity of the wines produced in compliance with the procedures specified by the articles of legislation, with rigorous controls covering every phase of the production process, from when the grapes are grown on the vines through to the finished wine.
These inspections are made by government experts, and guarantee the quality of products and the rights of the consumer.

The public register of vineyards, established as a result of the 'General Law on Viniculture and Vinification' (Law 127, 31/10/86), lists a total of 574 vineyards occupying a surface area of about 200 hectares.
These produce an average of 2200 tonnes of grapes annually, with 65% red grapes (mainly Sangiovese), 28% white grapes (mainly Biancale) and 8% muscatel grapes.
Most of these vineyards are situated in the areas of Serravalle, Domagnano and Faetano, on the eastern slopes of Mount Titano that run gently down towards the coast of the Adriatic Sea, about 15 kilometres away.

The vineyards are at an altitude of between 100 and 400 metres above sea level. The varieties of vine that can be cultivated in San Marino for wine-making are Biancale, Moscato, Ribolla, Canino, Cargarello and Sangiovese.
Recently, other vines have been introduced experimentally, and these include Chardonnay, Pinot red and white, Pignoletto, Sauvignon, Vermentino, Ancellotta , Syrah and Cabernet Sauvignon.
The Consorzio Vini Tipici now boasts over 300 members, representing an annual output of 1400 tonnes of grapes out of the total of 2000 tonnes harvested in the republic every year.
In addition to producing wines of guaranteed origin, the Consorzio Vini Tipici also makes excellent table wines and sparkling wines.

Together with the wines of guaranteed origin, these are sold extensively in San Marino and Italy, and are also exported to countries such as Switzerland, Belgium, Japan, the USA and Brazil.
The wine-makers of San Marino share a common heritage made up of traditions dating back many centuries and an intense passion for the land and its produce.
The tenacity and enthusiasm that they dedicate to the cultivation of their vineyards is reflected in a remarkable range of exquisite wines, capable of accompanying any style of cookery in the world.

OFFICIAL TRADEMARK

The 'Identificazione d'Origine' trademark protects and promotes the wine-making industry of San Marino. It offers customers a reliable guarantee on the origin of the grapes used in wine-making and on the correctness of the agricultural practices and fermentation and maturation processes used in the production of San Marinese wines.
It protects the final quality of finished products, aided by the constant and continuous vigilance of the authorities delegated to this responsibility by the legislation.